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Self-care practices for long-term diabetes control

Self-care practices for long-term diabetes control

Foe DSMES. This Hunger management tips is also supported by Diabtes studies conducted in, the central zone of Tigray, Ethiopia, practicws 12 lnog-term and western Contorl [ 9 ]. Share this article. In this article, learn about how to prevent the condition by losing weight…. But if your diabetes is under control and your healthcare professional agrees, an occasional alcoholic drink is fine. c Article PubMed PubMed Central Google Scholar Chuang LM, Tsai ST, Huang BY, Tai TY: The status of diabetes control in Asia—a cross-sectional survey of 24 patients with diabetes mellitus in


Longer Lives for Type 1 Diabetics Who Strictly Control Blood Sugar While there is no cure for diabetes, Chromium browser for web scraping treatment and self-management Self-carre, a person riabetes live a long and healthy life. Self-care tips include meal planning for nutrition, getting enough regular exercise or physical activity, avoiding smoking, and more. Diabetes is a chronic disease that affects millions of people around the world. In the United States, 1. Diabetes also affects children and adolescents.

Self-care practices for long-term diabetes control -

The use of multivariable logistic regression analysis would have benefit in controlling the confounding effect of variables. However, this study also has some limitations, since this was a cross-sectional study, the causal effect relationship between variables could not be established.

Secondly, as the study asks the self-care activities of patients for the past seven days and there might be a recall bias among respondents. Another limitation of this study is that as the data were collected using an interviewer-administered method the responses are prone to social desirability biases.

In conclusion, the level of diabetes self-care practice among T2DM patients in the Tigray region was found to be poor. Urban residency, age group between 49—63 years, having family or social support, not having a formal education, and having personal glucometer at home were predictors of good self-care practices.

This suggested that clinicians and nurses might have to consider giving emphasis on caring and giving follow-up services to DM patients coming from rural areas.

All stakeholders dealing with this issue should work together to close these gaps. Browse Subject Areas? Click through the PLOS taxonomy to find articles in your field. Article Authors Metrics Comments Media Coverage Reader Comments Figures.

Abstract Background The prevalence of type 2 diabetes is increasing steadily at an alarming rate. Methods An institution-based, cross-sectional study was conducted in six selected hospitals of Tigray region from January to February Results A total of patients with type 2 diabetes were included in this study.

Conclusion The diabetes self-care practice in the region was found to be poor. Funding: The authors received no specific funding for this work.

Introduction Diabetes Mellitus DM is one of the fastest-growing global health emergencies of the 21 st century [ 1 , 2 ]. Data analysis The data were cleaned, coded, entered into Epidata.

Download: PPT. Table 1. Clinical characteristics of the respondents The mean SD duration of DM was 6 ± 4. Table 2. Table 3. Factors associated with diabetes self-care practice On binary logistic regression analysis variables like age, educational status, family support, place of residency, BMI, duration of diabetes, and having personal glucometer at home were statistically associated with diabetes self-care practices.

Table 4. Discussion Self-management strategies such as self-monitoring of blood glucose, dietary restrictions, regular foot care, and ophthalmic examinations have been shown to markedly reduce the incidence and progression of diabetes-related complications [ 8 , 5 ].

Strength and limitations This multicenter study was conducted in six hospitals of the region and would have a better representation of the study participants and generalizability of the result. Conclusion In conclusion, the level of diabetes self-care practice among T2DM patients in the Tigray region was found to be poor.

References 1. Whiting DR, Guariguata L, Weil C, Shaw J. IDF Diabetes Atlas: Global estimates of the prevalence of diabetes for and Diabetes Res Clin Pract [Internet].

Williams R at all. IDF Diabetes Atlas Ninth Edition. International Diabetes Federation. Toobert DJ, Hampson SE, Glasgow RE. The Summary of Diabetes Self-Care. Diabetes Care J. Anderson RM, et al. Patient empowerment: results of a randomized controlled trial. Diabetes Care. Shrivastava SR, Shrivastava PS, Ramasamy J.

Role of self-care in management of diabetes mellitus. J Diabetes Metab Disord. Nolan CJ, Damm P, Prentki M. Type 2 diabetes across generations: from pathophysiology to prevention and management. Lancet London, England. Ballico E. On the X-rank of a points of the tangent developable of a curve in a projective space.

Int J Pure Appl Math [Internet]. Bukhsh A, Khan TM, Nawaz MS, Ahmed HS, Chan KG, Lee LH, et al. Association of diabetes-related self-care activities with glycemic control of patients with type 2 diabetes in Pakistan.

Patient Prefer Adherence. Dedefo MG, Ejeta BM, Wakjira GB, Mekonen GF, Labata BG. Self-care practices regarding diabetes among diabetic patients in West Ethiopia. BMC Res Notes [Internet]. Abate TW, Tareke M, Tirfie M. Self-care practices and associated factors among diabetes patients attending the outpatient department in Bahir Dar, Northwest Ethiopia 11 Medical and Health Sciences Clinical Sciences.

Stephani V, Opoku D, Beran D. Self-management of diabetes in Sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review. BMC Public Health.

Mariye T, Tasew H, Teklay G, Gerensea H, Daba W. Magnitude of diabetes self-care practice and associated factors among type two adult diabetic patients following at public Hospitals in central zone, Tigray Region, Ethiopia, Kassahun T, Gesesew H, Mwanri L, Eshetie T.

Diabetes related knowledge, self-care behaviours and adherence to medications among diabetic patients in Southwest Ethiopia: a cross-sectional survey.

BMC Endocr Disord [Internet]. West JD GK. Diabetes self -care knowledge among outpatients at a veterans affairs medical center. Am J Heal Syst Pharm. View Article Google Scholar Fitzgerald JT, Funnell MM, Hess GE, Barr PA, Anderson RM, Hiss RG D, WK.

The reliability and validity of a brief diabetes knowledge test. World Health Organization. An analysis of multiple studies , published in the Journal of Integrative and Complementary Medicine , suggests they might.

Researchers analyzed 28 studies that explored the effect of mind-body practices on people with type 2 diabetes. Those participating in the studies did not need insulin to control their diabetes, or have certain health conditions such as heart or kidney disease.

The mind-body activities used in the research were:. How often and over what time period people engaged in the activities varied, ranging from daily to several times a week, and from four weeks to six months.

Those who participated in any of the mind-body activities for any length of time lowered their levels of hemoglobin A1C, a key marker for diabetes.

On average, A1C levels dropped by 0. This is similar to the effect of taking metformin Glucophage , a first-line medication for treating type 2 diabetes, according to the researchers.

In case of an emergency, medical identification can show others that you have diabetes. It also can show whether you take diabetes medicine such as insulin. Medical IDs come in forms such as cards, bracelets and necklaces.

Adjust your diabetes treatment plan as needed. If you take insulin, you may need to lower your insulin dose before you exercise.

You also may need to watch your blood sugar level closely for several hours after intense activity. That's because low blood sugar can happen later on. Your healthcare professional can advise you how to correctly make changes to your medicine.

You also may need to adjust your treatment if you've increased how often or how hard you exercise. Insulin and other diabetes medicines are designed to lower blood sugar levels when diet and exercise alone don't help enough. How well these medicines work depends on the timing and size of the dose.

Medicines you take for conditions other than diabetes also can affect your blood sugar levels. Store insulin properly. Insulin that is not stored properly or is past its expiration date may not work. Keep insulin away from extreme heat or cold.

Don't store it in the freezer or in direct sunlight. Tell your healthcare professional about any medicine problems. If your diabetes medicines cause your blood sugar level to drop too low, the dosage or timing may need to be changed. Your healthcare professional also might adjust your medicine if your blood sugar stays too high.

Be cautious with new medicines. Talk with your healthcare team or pharmacist before you try new medicines. That includes medicines sold without a prescription and those prescribed for other medical conditions. Ask how the new medicine might affect your blood sugar levels and any diabetes medicines you take.

Sometimes a different medicine may be used to prevent dangerous side effects. Or a different medicine might be used to prevent your current medicine from mixing poorly with a new one.

With diabetes, it's important to be prepared for times of illness. When you're sick, your body makes stress-related hormones that help fight the illness. But those hormones also can raise your blood sugar.

Changes in your appetite and usual activity also may affect your blood sugar level. Plan ahead. Work with your healthcare team to make a plan for sick days. Include instructions on what medicines to take and how to adjust your medicines if needed. Also note how often to measure your blood sugar.

Ask your healthcare professional if you need to measure levels of acids in the urine called ketones. Your plan also should include what foods and drinks to have, and what cold or flu medicines you can take. Know when to call your healthcare professional too.

For example, it's important to call if you run a fever over degrees Fahrenheit Keep taking your diabetes medicine. But call your healthcare professional if you can't eat because of an upset stomach or vomiting. In these situations, you may need to change your insulin dose.

If you take rapid-acting or short-acting insulin or other diabetes medicine, you may need to lower the dose or stop taking it for a time. These medicines need to be carefully balanced with food to prevent low blood sugar.

But if you use long-acting insulin, do not stop taking it. During times of illness, it's also important to check your blood sugar often.

Stick to your diabetes meal plan if you can. Eating as usual helps you control your blood sugar. Keep a supply of foods that are easy on your stomach. These include gelatin, crackers, soups, instant pudding and applesauce. Drink lots of water or other fluids that don't add calories, such as tea, to make sure you stay hydrated.

If you take insulin, you may need to sip sugary drinks such as juice or sports drinks. These drinks can help keep your blood sugar from dropping too low. It's risky for some people with diabetes to drink alcohol. Alcohol can lead to low blood sugar shortly after you drink it and for hours afterward.

The liver usually releases stored sugar to offset falling blood sugar levels. But if your liver is processing alcohol, it may not give your blood sugar the needed boost. Get your healthcare professional's OK to drink alcohol. With diabetes, drinking too much alcohol sometimes can lead to health conditions such as nerve damage.

But if your diabetes is under control and your healthcare professional agrees, an occasional alcoholic drink is fine.

Women should have no more than one drink a day. Men should have no more than two drinks a day. One drink equals a ounce beer, 5 ounces of wine or 1.

Don't drink alcohol on an empty stomach. If you take insulin or other diabetes medicines, eat before you drink alcohol. This helps prevent low blood sugar. Or drink alcohol with a meal. Choose your drinks carefully. Light beer and dry wines have fewer calories and carbohydrates than do other alcoholic drinks.

If you prefer mixed drinks, sugar-free mixers won't raise your blood sugar. Some examples of sugar-free mixers are diet soda, diet tonic, club soda and seltzer.

Add up calories from alcohol. If you count calories, include the calories from any alcohol you drink in your daily count. Ask your healthcare professional or a registered dietitian how to make calories and carbohydrates from alcoholic drinks part of your diet plan.

Check your blood sugar level before bed. Alcohol can lower blood sugar levels long after you've had your last drink.

So check your blood sugar level before you go to sleep. The snack can counter a drop in your blood sugar. Changes in hormone levels the week before and during periods can lead to swings in blood sugar levels.

Look for patterns. Keep careful track of your blood sugar readings from month to month. You may be able to predict blood sugar changes related to your menstrual cycle. Your healthcare professional may recommend changes in your meal plan, activity level or diabetes medicines.

These changes can make up for blood sugar swings. Check blood sugar more often. If you're likely nearing menopause or if you're in menopause, talk with your healthcare professional. Ask whether you need to check your blood sugar more often.

Also, be aware that menopause and low blood sugar have some symptoms in common, such as sweating and mood changes. So whenever you can, check your blood sugar before you treat your symptoms.

That way you can confirm whether your blood sugar is low. Most types of birth control are safe to use when you have diabetes.

But combination birth control pills may raise blood sugar levels in some people. It's very important to take charge of stress when you have diabetes. The hormones your body makes in response to prolonged stress may cause your blood sugar to rise.

It also may be harder to closely follow your usual routine to manage diabetes if you're under a lot of extra pressure.

Take control. Once you know how stress affects your blood sugar level, make healthy changes. Learn relaxation techniques, rank tasks in order of importance and set limits.

Whenever you can, stay away from things that cause stress for you. Exercise often to help relieve stress and lower your blood sugar. Get help. Learn new ways to manage stress.

You may find that working with a psychologist or clinical social worker can help. These professionals can help you notice stressors, solve stressful problems and learn coping skills. The more you know about factors that have an effect on your blood sugar level, the better you can prepare to manage diabetes.

If you have trouble keeping your blood sugar in your target range, ask your diabetes healthcare team for help. There is a problem with information submitted for this request.

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Mayo Clinic offers appointments in Arizona, Florida ffor Minnesota and at Ocntrol Clinic Magnesium for menstrual cramps System locations. Clean eating menu management diabeted awareness. Know long-twrm makes Clean eating menu blood sugar level rise and fall — and how to control these day-to-day factors. When you have diabetes, it's important to keep your blood sugar levels within the range recommended by your healthcare professional. But many things can make your blood sugar levels change, sometimes quickly. Self-care practices for long-term diabetes control

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